Marlies Hankel*1, M. Isaac Ormaza Vera1, Tanveer Hussain1, Debra J. Searles (Bernhardt)1,2, Josh Lipton-Duffin3, Jennifer MacLeod4


1Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences
 The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia

3Institute for Future Environments and Central Analytical Research Facility
4School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering
Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane QLD 4001, Australia


Two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials have attracted interest in recent times due to their promise in various applications. Carbon structures have been extensively studied over recent decades as energy storage materials. One of the industry applications is as the anode of lithium (Li) ion batteries. A high surface to area ratio also makes graphene attractive as a gas sensing material.

Here we will present our recent work on carbon nitride materials for Li ion battery anode materials and sensing. We have shown that experimentally synthesized carbon nitride 2D materials such as g-C3N4, g-CN (g-C3N3) and hC2N form strong ionic bonds with Li and have a high Li storage capacity. They also induce a large charge transfer from the Li to the material.1-4 In a recent study we also showed that these 2D materials are excellent for sensing of NH3 and H2S due to a large change in their band gap, while the electronic structure remains unchanged in the presence of CH4, CO2 and SO2 for example.5



1Hussain, T.; Hankel, M.; Searles, D. J. J. Phys. Chem. C 2016, 120, 25180-25188. Computational evaluation of lithium-functionalized carbon nitride (g-C6N8) monolayer as an efficient hydrogen storage material

2Hankel, M.; Searles, D. J.  Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 14205-14215. Lithium storage on carbon nitride, graphenylene and inorganic graphenylene.

3Hankel, M.; Ye, D.; Wang, L.; Searles, D. J. J. Phys. Chem. C 2015, 119, 21921-21927. Lithium and sodium storage on graphitic carbon nitride.

4Hankel, M.; Hussain, T.; Searles, D. J. hC2N as metal ion battery anode material. (in preparation)

5Hankel, M.; Hussain, T.; Fischer, J. M. T. A.; Lipton-Duffin, J.; MacLeod, J. 2D polymer carbon nitride membranes for poisonous gas detection. (in preparation)


Biographic Details

Name: Marlies Hankel

Title: Dr

Affiliation, Country: The University of Queensland, Australia

Phone: +61 7 33463996 E-mail:

Research interests: 2D materials, lithium ion battery anode materials, DFT calculations, materials for energy storage